- The diagnosis of PTSD historically originates from observations of the effect of combat on soldiers. The grouping of symptoms that we now refer to as PTSD has been described in the past as “combat fatigue,” “shell shock,” or “war neurosis.”
- According to the latest RAND Corporation study completed in 2008 out of the 1.64 million service members who have served and returned from Iraq and Afghanistan, 300,000 report symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder or depression, yet only slightly more than half have sought treatment.
- According to the US Census Bureau as of 2009 the estimated number of living veterans stood at approximately 22,848,000. While it is difficult to put an exact percentage or number on the amount of all of these veterans who reportedly suffer from PTSD we know that the veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan will be a much more “disabled” population. This reflects that servicemen tend to survive their battlefield wounds now, thanks to advances in emergency medicine and technology, but it means that they survive only to come home “wounded” and subsequently disabled.
- PTSD can cause many symptoms. These symptoms can be grouped into three categories:
- Re-experiencing symptoms
- Avoidance symptoms
- Hyperarousal symptoms
For more facts about PTSD here are some valuable resources:
National Institute of Mental Health – http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/complete-index.shtml
National Center for PTSD – http://www.ptsd.va.gov/index.asp
The Mayo Clinic – http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder/DS00246